Tagged: Income distribution

Library acquisitions — May 2016

We are pleased to send you our list of selected new acquisitions from May 2016. You can send your requests to Web.Librarian@wto.org.

The list is also available on Library’s website: http://intranet/__resources/library/_en/new_for_you_new_books.html.

For continuous updates on the latest trade news, don’t forget to check out the “Latest in trade” RSS feed: http://intranet/en/resources/library/library.htm

Kind regards,

Your WTO Library Team

Only a few more days to explore the Emerald eJournals Collection! Through 2 June 2016, take advantage of this resource which brings a wealth of peer-reviewed international research together in one cross-disciplinary journal database.

While WTO will continue to have subscription access to many electronic journals from Emerald, this trial allows consultation of the full range of titles in this collection, amounting to more than 130,000 articles from more than 290 journals.

For more information, visit the Emerald eJournals Collection here: http://www.emeraldinsight.com

If you used Emerald eJournals Collection during this trial period, your feedback on this resource would be greatly appreciated. Please send your comments about this tool to web.librarian@wto.org by 30 June 2016.

Covers Title, Authors/Editor details, WTO catalogue records email request links Previews
Advanced introduction to international environmental law / Ellen Hey.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1926350

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: https://goo.gl/44S9l3

Arresting contagion : science, policy, and conflicts over animal disease control / Alan L. Olmstead, Paul W. Rhode.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1926086

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: https://goo.gl/E7v75i

Commentary on the UN Convention on the International Sale of Goods (CISG) / edited by Ingeborg Schwenzer.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1926220

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: https://goo.gl/uGfM98

Expert knowledge in global trade / edited by Erin Hannah, James Scott and Silke Trommer.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1926263

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: https://goo.gl/I14Wyw
Free trade under fire / Douglas A. Irwin.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1926341

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: https://goo.gl/rnig3t

Future of the global trade order / edited by Carlos A. Primo Braga and Bernard Hoekman.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1926396

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Full text: http://goo.gl/kRrBbR

Governance of intellectual property rights in China and Europe / edited by Nari Lee, Niklas Bruun, Mingde Li.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1926307

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: https://goo.gl/38TdAh

The great divide / Joseph Stiglitz.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1926329

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: https://goo.gl/zxRiVb

International organizations as orchestrators / [edited by] Kenneth W. Abbott … [et al.].

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1926364

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: https://goo.gl/JVYsFl

The political economy of WTO implementation and China’s approach to litigation in the WTO / Yenkong Ngangjoh Hodu, Zhang Qi.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1926313

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: http://goo.gl/zeaOBK

Power plays : how international institutions reshape coercive diplomacy / Allison Carnegie.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1926335

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: https://goo.gl/7fuk9u

Regulação de conteúdo no GATS : um olhar sobre o atual cenário tecnológico / Gabriella Giovanna Lucarelli de Salvio de Souza Brasil.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1926327

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: http://goo.gl/pdjZpx

Research handbook on intellectual property and climate change / edited by Joshua D. Sarnoff.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1923026

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: https://goo.gl/56DwpD

Research handbook on the history of copyright law / edited by Isabella Alexander, H. Tomás Gómez-Arostegui.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1926354

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: https://goo.gl/rLFhqz

 

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New publications from OECD, mid January 2016

New OECD publications have been uploaded to the OECD iLibrary, a comprehensive digital repository of books, papers, and statistics from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Titles recently added include:

These volumes and more are accessible from the OECD iLibrary by WTO staff and WTO Library patrons.

FDI and Income Inequality

This paper analyzes whether foreign direct investment (FDI) has contributed to the wide income gaps in Latin America. Panel cointegration techniques as well as regression analysis are performed to assess the impact of inward FDI stocks on income inequality among households in Latin American host countries. The panel cointegration analysis typically reveals a significant and positive effect on income inequality. There is no evidence for reverse causality. The findings are fairly robust to the choice of different estimation methods, sample selection and the period of observation.

Full-text available in .pdf

Thomas Piketty: new thoughts on capital in the twenty-first century (TED talk)

With the launch of his book Capital in the Twenty-First Century in early 2014, French economist Thomas Piketty grabbed international attention with his thesis explaining wealth and economic inequality in the twenty-first century.  An English translation of his 2013 book Le Capital au XXIe siècle, Piketty’s book reached number one on the New York Times bestselling hardcover nonfiction list and spawned debate and discussion in not only economic news outlets and blogs, but also those catering to readers interested in technology, popular culture, and science.

In his June 2014 TED talk, embedded below, Piketty presented his thesis and the data set that led him to the simple formula: r is greater than g (return on capital is generally higher than economic growth).

Continue reading

Occupational Choice and Income Inequalities under Regional Integration / Xi Yang

Abstract
In a setting with occupational choice and trade between two asymmetric regions, this paper explores the impact of market size and economic integration on both regional inequality and local income inequality within each region. It is shown that market access in a region affects income inequality measures, working through the cutoff productivity for entrepreneurship. Compared with the smaller region, selection into entrepreneurship is more likely for individuals in the larger region with better firm market access whereas the local income inequality is higher. Both regional inequality and regional disparities in the local income inequality measures exhibit an inverted U-shaped pattern when the regional integration level increases.

Full-text available in .pdf

Inequality in China: An Overview /

This paper provides an overview of research on income inequality in China over the period of economic reform. It presents the results of two main sources of evidence on income inequality and, assisted by various decompositions, explains the reasons income inequality has increased rapidly and the Gini coefficient is now almost 0.5. This paper evaluates the degree of income inequality from the perspectives of people’s subjective well-being and government concerns. It poses the following question: has income inequality peaked? It also discusses the policy implications of the analysis. The concluding comments of this paper propose a research agenda and suggest possible lessons from China’s experience that may be useful for other developing countries.

Full-text available in .pdf

Dividing the Pie in Brazil: Income Distribution, Social Policies and the New Middle Class / Jens Arnold and João Jalles

Brazil has made remarkable progress in reducing poverty and inequality. This reduction is explained by strong growth but also by effective social policies. Besides growth, public services and cash transfers have played the biggest role, the latter notably through the successful “Bolsa Familia” programme. Among public services, improved access to education has played a major role, allowing more Brazilians to move into better-paid jobs. However, shortages in physical school infrastructure are limiting the hours of instruction that students receive. The high drop-out rate needs to be reduced through early interventions such as expanding early-childhood education, by reducing grade-repetition and through more tailored support for those at risk. The quality of teaching could also be raised through more in-service teacher training and stronger performance incentives for teachers. Performance of public services devoted to health and transports has been mixed. Public health services are widely available but suffer from underfunding and training places for medical staff need to be expanded. The public urban transport system suffers from a shortage of investment which is urgently needed to upgrade capacity. Regarding cash transfers, the success of “Bolsa Familia” and new programmes put in place under the umbrella of the “Brasil sem Miseria” programme is remarkable but transfer payments remain too heavily focused on pension benefits. Giving more priority to “Bolsa Familia” and “Brasil sem Miseria” while limiting the real growth of pension expenditures in the future would improve the effectiveness of social expenditures for reducing poverty and inequality.

Full-text available in .pdf format