Tagged: Environmental policy

UNEP Global Environment Outlook Regional and Gender Assessments

Embodied energy, export policy adjustment and China’s sustainable development: A multi-regional input-output analysis

China has surpassed the United States to be the world’s largest energy consumer, but a lot of energy was used to produce products for exporting to other countries. Presently, China faces a great challenge in energy security and environmental protection. This paper focuses on the energy embodied in China’s foreign trade with a multi-regional input–output approach.

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Intra-industry Trade Liberalization and the Environment

This paper examines how trade liberalization affects national and global pollution in a multi-country model incorporating monopolistic competition and intra-industry trade as well as inter-industry trade. Each country produces skill-intensive differentiated goods and labor-intensive goods. Pollution is a by-product of production but pollution abatement can be undertaken. Regardless of country characteristics, if the differentiated-good sector is sufficiently cleaner (dirtier) then, without any change in environmental taxes, a multilateral reduction in import protection accorded to the differentiated good or to both goods typically leads to a decline (rise) in pollution in all countries. Pollution havens tend not to arise.

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A review of EIAs on trade policy in China: Exploring the way for economic policy EIAs

The purpose of this study is to review the EIA work that has been carried out on trade policy in China through four case studies, and illustrate how trade policy EIAs can be helpful in achieving better environmental outcomes in the area of trade. Through the trade policy EIA case studies we try to argue for the feasibility of conducting EIAs on economic policies in China. We also discuss the implications of the case studies from the point of view of how to proceed with EIAs on economic policy and how to promote their practice.

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China’s Green Growth Strategy and Implications for Trade between Korea and China

This report reviewed Chinese green growth policy overall; and also analyzed trade policy, trade disputes, and Korea-China trade. China’s green growth is that it represents a transition in the mode of economic development. It is also empirically proven that the result of environmental regulation policies provide positive impact on export increases. This paper examines trade disputes related to China’s green growth policy and analysis of environmental products in Korea-China trade.

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The impact of different policy environments on agricultural land use in Europe

The impact of globalization on trade, production and land use was key to the Doha development round. Although many studies have shown the positive influence of liberalization on trade and production, the environmental questions remain unanswered in most studies.

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The European Union’s Proposed Carbon Equalisation System: Some Implications for India’s Exports / Biswajit Dhar

In 2009, the European Union (EU) proposed to use border carbon measures, which could take the form of a direct or indirect “carbon tax”, against imports from its partner countries that were not following its emission norms. While the stated objective of the proposal was to prevent “carbon leakage”, or migration of industries to the so-called “pollution havens”, its real intent is to protect industries based in the territories of the EU Member States against foreign competition. The proposal could have wide ramifications for it could affect market access possibilities of a very large segment of the industries in the EU’s partner countries. This paper analyses the possible impact of the proposed measures on India’s exports through a very detailed examination of the available data.

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