International Data Flows and Privacy: The Conflict and Its Resolution by Aaditya Mattoo and Joshua P. Meltzer

The European Union‚Äôs General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) widens the scope and strengthens the enforcement of privacy standards. To protect privacy abroad, personal data is allowed out of the EU under strict conditions: if a non-EU country enacts privacy legislation equivalent to the GDPR, or if firms accept Binding Corporate Rules (BCR) or use Standard Contractual Clauses (SCC) for specific business deals. These conditions pose a challenge, particularly for developing countries. A GDPR-based national privacy law would impose the same high standard on all firms, even when they sell at home, leading to higher economy-wide costs of doing business. BCRs and SCCs have proved to be costly and time-consuming. While the GDPR may raise WTO issues, litigation cannot address the central challenge: preserving opportunities for digital trade while respecting countries‚Äô chosen levels of privacy protection. An alternative approach would involve negotiating agreements under which data destination countries protect the privacy of foreign citizens in return for source countries committing not to restrict data flows, as in the EU‚ÄďUS Privacy Shield and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). In parallel, and as a step toward multilateralizing these agreements, countries would develop common privacy principles, building upon the work in the OECD and APEC.

https://doi.org/10.1093/jiel/jgy044

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New statistical publications from OECD, mid December 2018

New OECD publications have been uploaded to the OECD iLibrary, a comprehensive digital repository of books, papers, and statistics from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Titles recently added include:

These volumes and more are accessible from the OECD iLibrary by WTO staff and WTO Library patrons.

New publications from OECD, mid December 2018

New OECD publications have been uploaded to the OECD iLibrary, a comprehensive digital repository of books, papers, and statistics from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Titles recently added include:

These volumes and more are accessible from the OECD iLibrary by WTO staff and WTO Library patrons.

Library acquisitions — November 2018

We are pleased to share our list of selected new acquisitions from November 2018. You can send your requests to Web.Librarian@wto.org.

The list is also available on Library’s website: http://intranet/__resources/library/_en/new_for_you_new_books.html.

For continuous updates on the latest trade news, don’t forget to check out the “Latest in trade” RSS feed: http://intranet/en/resources/library/library.htm

Kind regards,

Your WTO Library Team

Covers Title, Authors/Editor details, WTO catalogue records email request links Previews
Can blockchain revolutionize international trade? / Emmanuelle Ganne.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1927425

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Full-text: http://bit.ly/2UkRqNN
The evolution of the non-market economy treatment in the multilateral trading system / Bin Zhang.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1927271

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: http://bit.ly/2SuCcE4
Les incitations fiscales en faveur de l’√©conomie : analyse de conformit√© de mesures sectorielles √† la Constitution f√©d√©rale, aux r√®gles de l’Union europ√©enne en mati√®re d’aides d’√Čtat et aux r√®gles de l’Organisation mondiale du commerce / J√©r√īme Marcel B√ľrgisser.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1927328

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview unavailable
Informe sobre el comercio mundial 2018 : El futuro del comercio mundial : cómo las tecnologías digitales están transformando el comercio mundial / Organización Mundial del Comercio.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|12689689

Audio of launch during WTO Public Forum 2018 available: https://www.wto.org/english/forums_e/public_forum18_e/pf18_session_e.htm?session=41

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Full-text: http://bit.ly/2AWMQfO
Invertir en competencias para el comercio inclusivo : estudio conjunto de la Oficina Internacional del Trabajo y la Organizaci√≥n Mundial del Comercio / Marc Bacchetta … [et al].

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1927409

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview unavailable
Investir dans les comp√©tences pour un commerce inclusif: √©tude conjointe du Bureau international du travail et de l’Organisation mondiale du commerce / Marc Bacchetta … [et al.].

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1927407

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview unavailable
Making trade work for the environment, prosperity and resilience / World Trade Organization, UN Environment.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1927405

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Full-text: http://bit.ly/2Uiy0ZO
The Pacific Alliance in a world of preferential trade agreements : lessons in comparative regionalism / [edited by] Pierre Sauv√©, Rodrigo Polanco Lazo, Jos√© Manuel √Ālvarez Z√°rate.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1927310

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: http://bit.ly/2Urwjtg
Rapport sur le commerce mondial 2018: L’avenir du commerce mondial: comment les technologies num√©riques transforment le commerce mondial / Organisation mondiale du commerce.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|12689598

Audio of launch during WTO Public Forum 2018 available: https://www.wto.org/english/forums_e/public_forum18_e/pf18_session_e.htm?session=41

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Full-text: http://bit.ly/2UrwKUq
Regulatory autonomy in international economic law : the evolution of Australian policy on trade and investment / Andrew D. Mitchell, Elizabeth Sheargold, Tania Voon.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1927289

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: http://bit.ly/2QdwlWY
The right to food and the World Trade Organization’s rules on agriculture : conflicting, compatible, or complementary? / by Rhonda Ferguson.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1927301

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: http://bit.ly/2ronO4Y
Trabalho, com√©rcio e dignidade : no direito internacional contempor√Ęneo : desafios e perspectivas para a atua√ß√£o da OIT e da OMC / Gustavo Fernandes Meireles.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1927396

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: http://bit.ly/2QfUXyA
The WTO and food security : implications for developing countries / Sachin Kumar Sharma.

WTO catalogue : http://wto.aquabrowser.com/?itemid=|WTO-Marc|1927346

Request: web.librarian@wto.org

Preview: http://bit.ly/2EgtpCD

 

Evolutive Interpretation by the WTO Adjudicator by Gabrielle Marceau.

Several types of changes can take place between the conclusion of a treaty and when its provisions call for interpretation, e.g. changes in the political, social, historical or legal context; technological changes; linguistic changes; or changes in the law. Traditionally, interpreters refused to consider changes that may have occurred since the treaty‚Äôs conclusion. Today, many argue that it is more legitimate for a treaty interpreter to take account of these changes and use an ‚Äėevolutionary‚Äô or ‚Äėdynamic‚Äô interpretation. The issue of changes is particularly relevant in the context of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Treaty, because it combines long-standing provisions with more recent ones, and because international trade has evolved greatly, notably with electronic trade (e-commerce) and new means of distribution that did not exist when the WTO was concluded. The different types of changes discussed in this article may be grouped into four non-mutually exclusive types of situations, which will be examined through the prism of the interpretation process set out in Articles 31-33 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (VCLT). While different types of evolutionary interpretations can be considered under standard rules of interpretation in public international law, the use of the term ‚Äėevolutionary interpretation‚Äô allows for a more global understanding of the phenomenon, and might have, at the very least, a symbolic value.

https://doi.org/10.1093/jiel/jgy042

Disclaimer

Please note that external content will only work for subscribers who have access either using a log-in and password or associated with their IP Address.

No other access is implied or intended.

If you find anything you consider should not be available, even in this limited form, please leave a comment below.