Drivers of vertical intra-industry trade: the case of the Hungarian agri-food sector

This article investigates the drivers of vertical intra-industry trade (VIIT) in Hungarian agri-food trade with the European Union (EU). It identifies three possible ways to measure intra-industry trade (IIT) flows (GHM, FF, and N methods) and defines six hypotheses to test for the drivers of VIIT with three panel data models (static, dynamic, and FEVD). The results suggest that factor endowments are negatively, while economic size is positively and significantly related to VIIT. Distance and VIIT were found to be negatively related as is commonly the case in the standard gravity model.

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